In today’s tech epoch, buzzwords that rule the internet is low-code and no-code. First and foremost, low-code and no-code principles are used to speed the development and delivery of apps. Although they are not new happenings, low-code has been there for over two decades.
Nevertheless, with the extensive digital transformation happening across industries, low code and no-code are obtaining a pre-eminent status. While companies launch universal digital apps, these low-code and no-code platforms permit them to develop solutions that meet their practices and processes quickly.
The low-code and no-code modular methods let developers instantly create applications by aiding them to write the codes line by line. These approaches also allow business analysts, office administrators, small-business owners and a few others to build, test and run their applications. Usually, people make applications without knowing traditional programming languages, machine codes or the development work that goes into the platform’s configurable elements.
Adaptation of low-code or no-code tools
Low-code or no-code platforms began even earlier before the rapid application development (RAD) tools like Excel, Lotus Notes, and Microsoft Access, which put excellent development-like abilities into the hands of business users, that is, non-IT professionals. Still, those tools wanted the users to learn the business applications thoroughly and their development conditions to develop their abilities. In detail, with low-code and no-code methods’ drag-and-drop features, users require minimal or nill knowledge of the tools or development in general.
Besides, development using the RAD tools usually provides the abilities employed by the individual who built the functions or by a limited number of users connected to the creator. Applications built on low-code or no-code platforms are strong enough to be used across businesses and by outsiders such as customers and their business associates.
Benefits of low-code or no-code development platforms are:
Low-code and no-code platforms can be used to produce applications for various business or technical uses. The apps will have no complicated programming requirements and would require no customization.
Moreover, these programs can be applied in order to create business applications used both by workers and by business partners; they can also be useful to develop client engagement applications. It is also used to improvise legacy systems, wherein supporting institutions promote their digital modifications and move their migration to the cloud or keep using newer innovative techs such as IoT and AI.
Content platforms like WordPress have long supported writers who publish online without the knowledge of any HTML coding language. And nowadays, platforms that enable anyone to develop, publish and manage applications without understanding computer coding language are gaining traction. Web development platforms with the WYSWYG (what you see is what you get) editors, such as Wix and came next, allows anyone to build and publish a full-fledged website. Platforms that are specific to use cases, such as Shopify, which allows anyone to develop an e-commerce platform, have also become crucial. The development of this place and its abilities will unleash and will also have some consequences for web developers, tech firms, and anyone who wishes to publish an application.
Low-code or no-code apps to empower Indian IT services.
Indian IT service providers have seen an enhanced adhesion for low-code, no-code tech solutions. They let non-technical professionals, or even citizen developers, to swiftly develop apps through a simple drag and drop feature and several user-friendly layouts.
Industry experts state that the pandemic has spiked interest in low-code and no-code technology as firms created digital applications for clients. Businesses have started using such tech as non-technical executives, or it is used by citizen developers to develop applications when the complete workforce has shifted to a remote working model.
Mr Salil Parekh, chief executive of Infosys, stated at a Nasscom conference last week that, We see increased automation, machine learning, and AI. These tech components will impact the business model because the way they communicate with clients will be automated and will be developed by AI”.
Tata Consultancy Services chief operating officer Mr Ganapathy Subramaniam stated that such technology has been helpful when there is a need for “rapid prototyping” in order to demonstrate an app to a customer before deploying that app across an institution.
“To briefly show something to the client, you could always use the low-code or no-code technology to quickly put together an app to show that this is the way the particular platform could work. One can then refine it, run it and then see whether it can scale,” he added.
While such solutions are predominantly given by tech leaders such as Microsoft, Amazon, Pega, Appian, and ServiceNow, Indian companies like Infosys, HCL, and Tech Mahindra are also building their low-code and no-code tech.
Mr Mrinal Rai, a chief analyst at tech consulting firm ISG, said, “Indian managed service providers regularly partner with pure-play low-code and no-code platform merchants and also with the hyper-scalers that now offer this ability. They leverage the existing solution platforms to amplify their domain-specific abilities”.
“There are a few exceptions, though. Infosys has developed low-code abilities that specifically target the banking sector. Tech Mahindra offers their own Phenom solution for low code. HCL launched Domino Volt, a low-code ability solution,” Mr Rai said.
Mr Muzammil Patel, Global Head Strategy & Corporate Finance, Acies, stated, Despite financial institutions growing more extensively, they have been looking at the prospect of disaggregation. The latest players, including fintech and neo banks, are chipping away all these traditional institutions.
Maintaining or upgrading legacy tech still consumes approximately 75-80 per cent of their tech budgets. This restricts the quantum of spend on the adoption of new and cheaper tech and impairs their capability to compete effectively with the new entrants. No-code platforms allow these financial institutions to break out of this vicious cycle and move ahead to a path of optimized innovation.
Future of low-code and no-code apps
According to Gartner’s forecast, low-code will be responsible for over 65 per cent of application development activity by 2024. Low-code and no-code use are likely to progress among the LOB workers, while a few more professional developers will also adopt it to aid them with more ordinary programming tasks.
As per Forrester, the top cities for low-code use are business process or workflow apps, web and mobile front ends, and also customer-facing apps. But low-code has expeditiously become a standard practice for faster application development, as shown by adaptation to the pandemic-owing scenarios such as employee contract tracing applications. Experts predict that eventually, low-code will expand into broader sectors such as reengineering tech stacks and ecosystems.
However, firms will practice traditional development for applications that require extensive application functionality, data governance, and deployment to specific architectures or environments.