5G trials to start soon in India; Telecom department gives the nod to Jio, Airtel, VI, and MTNL.

The Department of Telecommunications of India has given permissions to Telecom Service Providers (TSPs) for carrying trials of 5G technology for use and applications. The telecom companies, including Jio, Airtel, Vodafone, and MTNL, will be encouraged to conduct trials using 5Gi Technology and the already known 5G technology.

The applicant TSPs include Bharti Airtel, Reliance Jio Info-communications, Vodafone Idea, and MTNL. These companies have tied up with original equipment manufacturers and technology providers: Ericsson, Nokia, Samsung, and C-DOT. Additionally, Jio will also be conducting trials using its indigenous Technology. As a result, Chinese gear makers will not be part of the 5G trials in India.

The department of telecom has permitted as per the priorities and technology partners identified by telecom providers themselves. Therefore, the experimental spectrum is being given in various bands, which include the mid-band (3.2 GHz to 3.67 GHz), the millimeter-wave band (24.25 GHz to 28.5 GHz), and in Sub-Gigahertz band (700 GHz).
These telecom companies will be allowed to use their existing spectrum to conduct 5G trials. The duration for trials is six months, including two months for procurement and setting up of the equipment.

The center said that these telcos would be encouraged to conduct 5G trials using 5Gi Technology in addition to 5G Technology. The International Telecommunications Union has also approved the 5Gi Technology, facilitating a much larger reach of the 5G towers and Radio networks.

5Gi Technology has been build by the IIT Madras, Centre of Excellence in Wireless Technology (CEWiT), and IIT Hyderabad.

As per the Government of India, the objective of conducting 5G trials includes testing 5G spectrum propagation characteristics in the Indian context; model tuning and evaluation of chosen equipment and vendors; testing of indigenous Technology; testing of applications; and testing 5G phones and devices.”

The 5G Technology will deliver improved user experience in data download rates, up to 3 times greater spectrum efficiency, and ultra-low latency to enable Industry 4.0.

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